ABRAHAMS, ISRAEL

ABRAHAMS, ISRAEL (1903–1973), South African rabbi and scholar. Born in Vilna and educated at Jews' College and London University, he was rabbi in London and Manchester before going to South Africa in 1937 as chief rabbi of the Cape Town Hebrew Congregation. In 1951 he became chief rabbi of the United Council of Hebrew Congregations of the Cape. From 1938 he held the chair of Hebrew at Cape Town University. He retired in 1967 and settled in Israel. An eloquent speaker, he held high office in all important communal institutions in Cape Town and was especially active in promoting the Zionist movement and Jewish education. He was a consulting editor to the Encyclopaedia Judaica. His major scholarly work was his translation into English of cassuto 's Hebrew commentaries: Documentary Hypothesis (1961); The Book of Genesis, 2 pts: From Adam to Noah (1961) and From Noah to Abraham (1964); Exodus (1967); and The Goddess Anath (1970); he also translated tractate Hagigah for the Soncino Talmud (1938). His other writings include: a history of Cape Jewry, The Birth of a Community (1955); Pathways in Judaism (1968); and Living Waters (1968). (Lewis Sowden)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABRAHAMS, ISRAEL — (1858–1925), English scholar. In 1902 he was appointed reader in rabbinic and talmudic literature at Cambridge, succeeding solomon schechter . He played a considerable role in the university, both personal and scholastic, and had some… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abrahams, Israel — ▪ British scholar born Nov. 26, 1858, London, Eng. died Oct. 6, 1925, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       one of the most distinguished Jewish scholars of his time, who wrote a number of enduring works on Judaism, particularly Jewish Life in the… …   Universalium

  • Abrahams, Israel — (1858–1914)    English Hebrew scholar. In 1901, Abrahams succeeded Professor Solomon SCHECHTER as reader in rabbinic and talmudic literature at Cambridge, and for the next generation was prominent in Jewish studies in Britain. He edited the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Abrahams, Israel — (1858 1924)    English scholar. He was reader in rabbinics at Cambridge University. With Claude Montefiore he founded (1888) and edited the Jewish Quarterly Review. His most important works were Jewish Life in the Middle Ages, Studies in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Israel Abrahams — (b. London, November 26 1858; d. Cambridge, October 6 1925) was one of the most distinguished Jewish scholars of his generation. He wrote a number of classics on Judaism, most notably, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (1896).He was educated at Jews …   Wikipedia

  • Abrahams — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Brian Abrahams (* 1947), südafrikanisch britischer Jazzmusiker Elihu Abrahams (* 1927), US amerikanischer Festkörperphysiker Gerald Abrahams (1907–1980), britischer Schachspieler und komponist sowie Autor… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAMS — ABRAHAMS, family of English rabbis and scholars. ABRAHAM SUZMAN (c. 1801–1880) migrated from Poland to England in 1837, becoming principal shoḥet in London in 1839. He spent the end of his life in Palestine. He wrote an autobiography Zekhor le… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAMS, GERALD — (1907–1980), British lawyer, chess master, and writer on chess. Abrahams was born in Liverpool. At 18 he developed the Abrahams Defense adopted by many noted players. He won several championships in Britain and prizes in international master… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAMS, SIR LIONEL — (1869–1919), English civil servant and Anglo Jewish historian, nephew of Israel abrahams . A graduate of Balliol College, Oxford, in 1902 Abrahams became financial secretary for India, in which capacity he successfully reorganized the Indian… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAMS, ISAAC — (1756–1832?), physician. He was the first Jewish graduate of Columbia (Kings) College, receiving an A.B. degree from that institution in 1774. At commencement he delivered a Latin oration On Concord. After 1786 Abrahams took up permanent… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.